Posted on: 25 February 2022
Abnormal bleeding can ruin your favorite pair of underwear. It can also be a cause for concern about your health. Fortunately, your gynecologist can help. Here are five things your gynecologist may do to treat abnormal bleeding:
1. Hysteroscopy And Biopsy
Before your gynecologist can treat your abnormal bleeding, they must first diagnose the cause of your bleeding. Bleeding may be caused by pregnancy, hormone imbalances, or certain types of cancers. Your gynecologist may use hysteroscopy and biopsy as diagnostic tools. A hysteroscopy is used to visualize the inside of your uterus using a small camera. Depending on what your doctor sees, they may use a small tool to take a sample of your uterus for biopsy. A tissue sample may also be taken from your cervix during a procedure called a colposcopy.
2. Hormone Therapy
Hormone imbalances can cause bleeding between menstrual cycles. In some cases, these imbalances will resolve by themselves over time. For example, girls who have recently started their menstrual cycles may experience irregular periods for the first few months. In other cases, hormone therapy is needed to balance a person's hormones. Topical and oral estrogen treatments can help women who suffer from abnormal bleeding due to menopause. Hormonal birth control can also be prescribed to control spotting in between periods.
3. Dilation and Curettage
If your abnormal bleeding is caused by polyps or fibroids inside your uterus, these growths will need to be removed. Abnormal uterine lining can be removed using a procedure called dilation and curettage. During a D&C, your gynecologist will manually remove your uterine lining using tools placed in your uterus through the opening of your cervix. A D&C is usually performed using general anesthesia for patients' comfort.
4. Cervical Cancer Treatment
Cervical cancer can cause abnormal bleeding. If cancerous cells are discovered in your cervix, they will need to be surgically removed. You may also need to undergo additional treatments, such as chemotherapy, to make sure the cancer is gone. Your doctor will work with you and an oncologist to develop the best treatment plan to address your bleeding and other health issues.
If other invasive abnormal bleeding treatments don't work, a hysterectomy may be recommended. During a hysterectomy, your doctor will surgically remove your uterus. They may or may not also remove your ovaries, which are sometimes left in place to provide the hormones your body needs. Women who undergo hysterectomy no longer have menstrual periods.Share